What exactly is prediabetes and how common is it?
One in three American adults has prediabetes, but only 10 percent of them know they have it. Prediabetes means a person’s blood glucose (sugar) level is higher than normal, but not high enough yet to be diagnosed with diabetes. People with prediabetes are on the road to develop type 2 diabetes within several years, and are also at increased risk for serious health problems, such as stroke and heart disease. There are some prediabetes risks you can’t control, like age and family history. But there are things you can do to reduce your risk, such as increased physical activity and weight loss. And making these lifestyle changes can also help prevent or delay the onset of type 2 diabetes.
There are not usually symptoms when you have prediabetes. Talk to your doctor to know for sure. A simple blood test can confirm if you have prediabetes.
A high score on the symptoms means you most likely have prediabetes, but only a blood test can tell you for sure, so talk to your doctor. Your doctor will do a simple blood test to check your blood sugar levels. If those levels are higher than normal, but not yet high enough to be type 2 diabetes, it means you do have prediabetes. But the good news is… as you have just learned… that prediabetes can often be reversed.
How close is prediabetes to having type 2 diabetes?
25- 35 percent of people who have prediabetes will develop type 2 diabetes within 5 years. If you don’t make lifestyle changes, it puts you at greater risk. Studies show that losing just 5-7 percent of your body weight, can help prevent or delay the onset of type 2 diabetes. For a person who weighs 200 pounds, that’s about 10-15 pounds. Evidence shows that
ALTmed Lifestyle Diabetes Prevention Program the most effective way to reverse prediabetes.
What changes should I make in terms of diet and exercise?
Talk with our doctor, and ask if he or she can connect you with the ALTmed Lifestyle Diabetes Prevention Program or nutrition counseling, which can help you learn to eat less of the foods that are bad for you, and more of the foods that are good for you. Also, keep in mind that increasing your physical activity helps. There are many ways to increase your physical activity, including walking, taking dance classes, going to a gym, playing tag with your kids, and many other real-life ways to get up and get moving.
How long do I have to make these changes?
It’s important to act now, because the sooner you start making changes, the better chance you have of preventing type 2 diabetes. Studies show that without weight loss and moderate physical activity, 25-35 percent of people who have prediabetes will develop type 2 diabetes within 5 years.
You can start slowly and ease these changes into your life until they feel normal. Changes need to be permanent to avoid having prediabetes or being at high risk for type 2 diabetes again in the future. That’s why it’s important to make changes that fit into your real-life — there is not a “one size fits all” program. The ALTmed Lifestyle Diabetes Prevention Program can help you along the way. Find out what works for you!
But who is most at risk for prediabetes and type 2 diabetes?
If one or more of these things applies to you, you’re at risk for prediabetes and type 2 diabetes:
- Have a family history of diabetes could contribute to your risk for type 2 diabetes.
- Are over age 40 — the risk for diabetes increases as you get older
- Are overweight
- Have a history of gestational diabetes- diabetes or high blood sugar when pregnant
- Have high blood pressure contributes to your overall risk for type 2 diabetes.
Type 2 Diabetes
What is type 2 diabetes, and how common is it?
Diabetes is a disease in which blood sugar levels are above normal. Most of the food we eat is turned into sugar, for our bodies to use for energy. The pancreas, an organ that lies near the stomach, makes a hormone called insulin to help sugar get into the cells of our bodies. When you have diabetes, your body either doesn’t make enough insulin or can’t use its own insulin as well as it should. This causes sugar to build up in your blood.
Diabetes can cause serious health complications including heart disease, blindness, kidney failure, and lower-limb amputations. Nearly 30 million Americans have diabetes, and 1 out of 4 of them do not know they have it. Diabetes is the seventh leading cause of death in the United States.
What is the difference between type 2 diabetes and type 1 diabetes?
Type 1 diabetes is when your body makes very little insulin or no insulin at all, and is typically diagnosed when a person is a child or young adult. People with type 1 diabetes require insulin shots or an insulin pump.
Type 2 diabetes is when your body cannot use the insulin it makes, and eventually does not make enough insulin. It is normally found in people who are overweight, have family history, do not get enough physical activity, and are middle-aged or older. Type 2 accounts for about 90-95 percent of all diabetes cases. Type 2 diabetes can sometimes be treated with lifestyle changes and/or pills, but many people require insulin shots.
What are the symptoms of type 2 diabetes?
Sometimes there are no symptoms, or the symptoms are not obvious, which is why you should talk with your doctor about your risk for type 2 diabetes. If someone’s blood sugar level is very high, they may have blurry vision, feel thirsty, feel tired, and urinate frequently. Remember, you cannot rely on symptoms to know if you have type 2 diabetes. Talk to your doctor.
What are the biggest risks of having type 2 diabetes?
Adults who have diabetes have a 50 percent higher risk of death than those who do not. People who have diabetes are at higher risk of serious health complications including heart attack, stroke, kidney failure, blindness, and amputation of toes, feet or legs.
How is type 2 diabetes typically treated?
Type 2 diabetes is usually treated with medicines, such as pills and insulin shots. People with type 2 diabetes should get regular physical activity and eat healthier because these things also help keep blood sugar levels under control.
But when it comes to your healthy future, isn’t that an The”ALTMED” Lifestyle Clinic offers a unique facility for
Your Weight and Your Risk
Being overweight raises your risk for type 2 diabetes, heart disease and stroke. It can cause other problems, too, like high blood pressure, unhealthy cholesterol, and high blood glucose (sugar). Losing weight can help you prevent and manage these problems. And you don’t have to lose a lot of weight. Even losing 10-15 pounds can make a big difference.
Weight loss can be hard because it means making changes in the way you eat and in your physical activity. Losing weight also takes time — and that can be frustrating. The good news is that you can lose weight and keep it off, even if you’ve never done it before.
Here’s what works for people who have lost weight and kept it off:
They cut back on calories and fat.
They’re physically active most days of the week.
They eat breakfast every day.
They keep a record of their weight, what they eat and drink, and what they do for physical activity.
It’s much easier to lose weight when you change the way you eat and also increase your activity.
Learn more about changing habits, making healthier food choices, and getting started with physical activity.
Most people find it’s easier to tackle changes in a few small steps instead of all at once. Set realistic goals within a timeframe that works for you. Learn more about making realistic, achievable goals.
Keep a Record
Many people find that writing everything down helps keep them on target. Try it even just for a week or two, to get an idea of where you stand.
Keep a small notebook with you all day. Write down everything you eat and drink, including the serving size. Some people set target levels for calories or grams of fat and keep track of their daily totals.
Make a note of what kind of physical activity you do and for how long. It may also help to write down other information, like when or where you exercised, who you exercised with, or how you felt before, during or after exercise.
Check your weight once a week and write it down, or use your clothes as a measure of weight loss.
Your Support System
Many people find it helpful to meet, online or in person, with people who are also trying to lose weight. Think about joining a group for weight loss, exercise or general support. Or create your own support system by talking with friends and family about your successes and your struggles. You may be surprised at how supportive they will be.
Find a walking buddy or friends who also want to improve their health. Then work together to reach your goals.
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Contact: Lahore: 0322-4774038. Islamabad: 0300-5694444.
ALTMED LIFESTYLE CLINIC